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20 Sep 2018

Leaving Certificate Examination 1937 Honours Applied Mathematics

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Question 1

A body of mass $10$ units moves in a straight line so that its distance $s$ from a fixed point in the line of motion at time $t$ is given by the equation : $s=a+bt+ct^2$.

Derive formulae for its velocity, acceleration and momentum at any time.

Given that when $t=0$ the velocity, acceleration and momentum at any time.

Given that when $t=0$ the velocity in $2$ units and that the distances travelled when $t=1$, and $t=2$ are $9.5$ and $23.5$ respectively, determine the values $a$, $b$ and $c$ in the above equation.

Question 2

A mass weighing $\frac{1}{4}$ ton drops without rebound from a height of $16$ ft. on to the top of a pile weighing $12$ cwt., and the pile is driven $8$ inches into the ground by the blow.

Calculate in ft.lbs. the energy lost in the impact, and the average resistance offered by the ground to the motion of the pile.

Question 3

Calculate the effective h.p. delivered by the engine of a $2$ ton motor vehicle in each of the following cases :-

(a) The vehicle is ascending an incline of $1$ in $28$ with a uniform speed of $30$ miles per hour;

(b) the vehicle accelerates uniformly from a speed of $45$ miles per hour to a speed of $60$ miles per hour while travelling a distance of $550$ yards along a level road.

The frictional resistances to motion may be taken as the same in both cases and equal to a force of $60$ lbs. wt.

Question 4

State the laws of statical friction.

A uniform ladder $26$ feet long and weighing $96$ lbs. is on the point of slipping when placed with its upper end against a smooth vertical wall and its lower end on a rough horizontal surface at a distance of $10$ feet from the wall.

Calculate the value of the frictional force between the foot of the ladder and the ground and also the value of the coefficient of friction.

Question 5

A point $A$ describes a circular path of radius $r$ with a uniform velocity. $P$ is the foot of the perpendicular from $A$ to a fixed diameter of the circle. Show that the velocity and acceleration of $P$ at any instant are equal to $rw\cos wt$ and $-w^2x$ respectively, where $x$ is the displacement of $P$ fron [sic] the centre of the circle, $t$ is the time for this displacement and $w$ is the angular velocity of $A$.

(b) Show that for small oscillations the bob of a simple pendulum may be regarded as having a similar motion of that of $P$ and that the time of oscillation is $2\pi\sqrt{\frac{l}{g}}$ where $l$ is the length of the pendulum.

Question 6

Through what vertical height will the bob of a conical pendulum drop if its speed falls from $60$ to $30$ revolutions per minute?

Question 7

A train is travelling at the rate of $45$ miles per hour round a circular track of $660$ yards radius. The horizontal distance between the rails is $64$ inches. How much must the outer rail be raised [above the inner one so that there may be no side thrust on the rails ?

Question 8

The force acting on a body moving in a straight line is given at any instant by the formula $$F=\frac{320}{x^2}$$ where $F$ is in lbs.-st. and $x$ is the distance in feet of the body at that instant from a fixed point in the line. If the motion is resisted by a constant force of $3$ lbs.-wt., find the kinetic energy stored in the body in moving from $x=10$ to $x=5$.

Question 9

A particle of mass $5$ lbs. is placed on a smooth plane inclined at $30^\circ$ to the horizon and is connected by a light string passing over the top of the plane to a particle weighing $3$ lbs. which hangs vertically.

Find (a) the common acceleration;

(b) the velocity after $3$ seconds of the centre of inertia of the particles.

Question 10

A body is projected up a smooth incline of $30^\circ$ with an initial velocity of $96$ feet per second. If the length of the incline is $160$ feet find the greatest height attained by the body and the range on a horizontal plane passing through the foot of the incline.

 


Citation:

State Examinations Commission (2018). State Examination Commission. Accessed at: https://www.examinations.ie/?l=en&mc=au&sc=ru

Malone, D and Murray, H. (2016). Archive of Maths State Exams Papers. Accessed at: http://archive.maths.nuim.ie/staff/dmalone/StateExamPapers/

Licence:

“Contains Irish Public Sector Information licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence”.

The EU Directive 2003/98/EC on the re-use of public sector information, its amendment EU Directive 2013/37/EC, its transposed Irish Statutory Instruments S.I. No. 279/2005, S.I No. 103/2008, and S.I. No. 525/2015, and related Circulars issued by the Department of Finance (Circular 32/05), and Department of Public Expenditure and Reform (Circular 16/15 and Circular 12/16).

Note. Circular 12/2016: Licence for Re-Use of Public Sector Information adopts CC-BY as the standard PSI licence, and notes that the open standard licence identified in this Circular supersedes PSI General Licence No: 2005/08/01.

Links:

https://circulars.gov.ie/pdf/circular/per/2016/12.pdf

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode

 

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